According to the report run by Reporters Without Borders, in 2014 Poland was placed among the countries with the highest level of freedom of speech, reaching the 19th position (in comparison to United States, regarded as "homeland of freedom", which appeared on 49th place). It means that after a period of almost 50 years of the stalinist communism the country stepped up to the mark and conducted a successful transition towards basic human rights and freedom.
Unfortunately this success doesn’t result in quality of offered information provided by the media. Progressive tabloidization caused changes in communication; instead providing information it should elicit recipient's strictly emotional reaction (in a sense it becomes more extreme). Rather than forcing to reflect or more important, to understand the issue. The majority of media creates the image by selecting only those information, which can prove the validity of the thesis. A good example of such an activity could be radically catholic newspaper "Gość Niedzielny," in which one of the articles denouncing homosexuality used the example of a teenager who couple years earlier allegedly faked homophobic attack, just to avoid writing the test. The content omitted simple fact that young people in their teenage years quite often resort to lies to achieve their personal benefits. This and many similar articles shows how the weekly columnists try to discredit the LGBT minority. In order to justify their thesis many of magazines use the most ridiculous examples. Sadly many of them find recipients.
Regrettably the misrepresentation of facts or overstressing to support journalist’s political or social events are not only the domain of the radical medias. Some of them, considered as the most reliable in Poland, often outsource articles supporting the views or judgments of their owners. For instance numerous campaigns against trade unions or strong agitation in favor of so-called cutting the labor costs. What is interesting about these topics (which may be indeed important for the society) are presented in the form of absolute truth. Thus they don’t present the controversy – they simply leave the recipient with a clear conclusions: "unionist is bad because it receives privileges, which you could only dream of", "You need to cut labor costs, because it allows employers to hire more employees”.
When it comes to labour some topics like “costs in Poland are the lowest among European countries, which can be understood that despite many recommended tax credits employers are not able to create more worksites and someone should help them” are not mentioned in medias. The important social issues are being marginalized, whereas those topics, which stands for interests of great and mighty are being highlightened.
The ethos of the impartial journalist fell into pieces long time ago. Now the only appearing question is whether it’s possible to hold back the racing tabloidization of medias, which despite the freedom of speech forgotten about the crucial matter, a human itself.
by: Patryk Jesiotr